Finance Minister Arun Jaitley presented the Union Budget 2017, his fourth annual budget, today. Here are the highlights of this year’s budget:
►Income Tax rate cut to 5 pc for individuals having income between Rs 2.5 lakh to Rs 5 lakh
►10 pc surcharge on individual income above Rs 50 lakh and upto Rs 1 cr to make up for Rs 15,000 cr loss of due to cut in personal I-T rate
►15 pc surcharge on income above Rs 1 cr to continue
►Of 3.7 cr individuals who filed tax returns in 2015-16, 99 lakh showed income below exemption limit
►Govt pegs fiscal deficit target at 3.2 per cent for 2017-18 and 3 per cent for next year.
► Monetary policy to be expansionary in major economies
► More steps will be taken to benefit farmers and the weaker sections; budget being presented during weak global economy
►Pace of remonetisation has picked up; demonetisation effects will not spill over to next year
►Demonetisation will help in transfer of resources from tax evaders to government:
►Merger of Railways Budget with General Budget brings focus on a multi-modal approach for development of railways, highways and inland water transport
►Only transient impact on economy due to demonetisation; long term benefit include higher GDP growth and tax revenue
►Effects of demonetisation not expected to spill over to the next year, says Finance Minister
►Govt took two tectonic policy initiatives – passage of GST Bill and demonetisation
►Demonetisation was a continuation of series of measures taken by govt in 2 yrs; it is bold and decisive measure
►We are seen as engine of global growth; IMF sees India to grow fastest in major economies
►World Bank expects GDP growth rate at 7.6 pc in FY18 and 7.8 pc in FY19
►Allocation under MNREGA increased to 48,000 crore from Rs 38,500 crore. This is highest ever allocation
►Rs 9,000 cr higher allocation for payment of sugarcane arrears
►Target of agriculture credit fixed at Rs 10 lakh cr in 2017-18
►Tax administration honouring the honest is one of the 10 pil ..
►CAD declined from 1 pc last year to 0.3 pc in first half of current fiscal: FM
►India has emerged as bright spot in the world: FM
►Uncertainty around commodity prices especially oil to have impact on emerging economies: FM
►Double digit inflation has been controlled; sluggish growth replaced by high growth; war on blackmoney launched: FM
► Agricultural sector is expected to grow at 4.1 per cent this fiscal, says Jaitley
►Demonetisation was a bold and decisive strike in a series of measures to arrive at a new norm of bigger, cleaner and real GDP
►Committed to double farm income in 5 yrs
►Plan, non-plan classification of expenditure done away with in the Budget for 2017-18 to give a holistic picture
►Mini labs by qualified local entrepreneurs to be set up for soil testing in all 648 krishivigyankendras in the country
►Budget presentation advanced to help begin implementation of schemes before onset of monsoon
►We will continue the process of economic reform for the benfit of poor.
►Spend more in rural areas, infra, poverty alleviation, while maintaining fiscal prudence as guiding principle of Budget
►Our agenda for next year is to transform, energise and clean India
►World Bank expects GDP growth rate at 7.6 pc in FY18 and 7.8 pc in FY19
►133-km road per day constructred under Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana as against 73-km in 2011-14
►Govt to set up dairy processing fund of Rs 8,000 crore over three years with initial corpus of Rs 2,000 crore
►Participation of women in MNREGA increased to 55 pc from 45 pc in past
►Modern law on contract farming will be drafted and circulated to states
►Dedicated micro-irrigation fund to be created with a corpus of Rs 5000 crore
►Market reforms will be undertaken, states will be asked to denotify perishables from Essential Commodities Act
►Sanitation coverage in villages has increased from 42 pc in Oct 2016 to 60 pc, a rise of 18 pc, says FM
►We propose to provide safe drinking water to 28,000 arsenic and fluoride affected habitations
►To construct one crore houses by 2019 for homeless. PM Awas Yojana allocation raised from Rs 15,000 cr to Rs 23,000 cr
►27,000 cr on to be spend on PMGSY; 1 cr houses to be completed by 2017-18 for houseless
►PM Kaushal Kendras will be extended to 600 districts; 100 international skill centres to be opened to help people get jobs abroad
►The allocation for rural agri and allied sector in 2017-18 is record Rs 1,81,223 crore
►A system of annual learning outcome in schools to be introduced; innovation fund for secondary education to be set up
►Two new AIIMS to be set up Jharkhand and Gujarat
►New rules regarding medical devices will be devised to reduce their cost
► 1.5 lakh health sub centres to be converted to Health Wellness Centres
►Capital and development expenditure pegged at Rs 1.31 lakh cr for railways in 2017-18 from Budget
►35 pc increase in allocation for SC to Rs 52,393 cr
►New metro rail policy to be unveiled
►Railway tariffs to be fixed on the basis of cost, social obligation and competition
►Service charge on e-tickets booked through IRCTC will be withdrawn
►Delhi and Jaipur to have solid waste management plants and five more to be set up later
►500 stations will be differently abled by providing lifts and escalators
►Unmanned railway level crossings to be eliminated by 2020
►Railway line of 3,500 km will be commissioned in 2017-18 as against 2,800 km in 2016-17
►Total allocation for rural, agri and allied sectors for 2017-18 is a record Rs 1,87,223 cr, up 24 per cent from last year
►Rs 1 lakh cr corpus for railway safety fund over five years
►Digi Gaon will be launched to promote tele-medicine and education
►Crude oil strategic reserves to be set up in Odisha and Rajasthan apart from 3 already constructed
►Coverage of Fasal Bima Yojana to go up from 30 pc of cropped area to 40 pc in 2017-18 and 50 per cent next year
►For transport sector, including railways, road and shipping, government provides Rs 2.41 lakh crore
►Budget allocation for highways stepped up to Rs 64,000 crore in FY18 from Rs 57,676 crore
►Over 90 per cent of FDI proposls are now processed through automatic route
►FIPB will be abolished
►Trade Infrastructure Export Scheme to be launched in 2017-18; total allocation for infra at record Rs 3.96 lakh cr
►Second phase of solar power development to be taken up with an aim of generating 20,000 MW
►More funds beyond Rs 10,000 cr for recapitalisation of banks will be provided if needed
►The shares of railway CPSCs like IRCTC and IRFC to be listed on various stock exchanges
►We are largely a tax non-compliant society
►New ETF with diverse stocks will be launched in 2017-18
►Of 76 lakh individuals who reported income of over Rs 5 lakh, 56 lakh are salaried
►Integrated public sector oil major to be created to match global giants
►Govt will amend the Multi-state Cooperative Act to protect the poor and gullible investors
►Urgent need to protect poor from chit fund schemes, draft bill placed in public domain
►Computer emergency response team to be set for cyber security of financial sector
► Govt to introduce two new schemes to promote BHIM App – referal bonus for users and cash back for traders
►Maximum amount of cash donation a political party can receive will be Rs 2000 from any one source as part of effort to clean political funding
►Capital expenditure stepped up by 25.4 pc in FY18 over previous year
►Total expenditure in FY18 at Rs 21.47 lakh cr
►Govt considering option to amend Negotiable Instruments Act to ensure that holders of dishonoured cheques get payment
►I-T for smaller cos with turnover of upto Rs 50 cr up to 25 per cent
►Not possible to remove MAT levied on advance tax for now; carry forward allowed for 15 yrs instead of 10 yrs
►Relaxation in norms for Start Ups for getting tax exemption
►Capital gains tax exempted for the land pooled to build new capital of Andhra Prades ..
►17 pc growth in direct tax revenue for the second year in a row in 2016-17
►As against 4.2 crore people working in organised sector, only 1.74 crore individuals filed income tax returns
►Solar tempered glass used for manufacture of solar cells/panels exempted from customs duty
►Import duty on aluminium ores and concentrates raised to 30 pc from nil presently
►Actual revenue loss on tax proposals Rs 22,700 cr; gain from additional resource mobilisation is Rs 2,700 cr
►Net revenue loss from direct tax proposals to be about Rs 20,000 cr
►Excise duty on pan masala containing tobacco (Gutkha) raised to 12 pc from 10 pc
►Excise duty on non-filter cigarettes of length not exceeding 65 mm raised to Rs 311 per thousand from R ..
Top Investment Destinations In Asia-Pacific Include Mumbai, Bengaluru and Delhi
Since the Indian investment policy for the real estate sector has got a thumbs up from the foreign investors the country has regained favour as a preferred investment destination in the Asia Pacific region.
According to the Emerging Trends in Real Estate Asia Pacific 2018 report Mumbai, Bengaluru, and New Delhi ranked 12, 15 and 20 by survey respondents as top investment cities. The report was jointly published by PricewaterhouseCoopers (PwC) and the Urban Land Institute (ULI).
Globally Sydney, Melbourne, Singapore, Shanghai and Ho Chi Minh City were the top investment cities.
The report also said that due to the implementation of GST and last year’s demonetisation liquidity issued have been created for real estate and it has also impacted investment and development prospects of the cities, thereby pulling down their rankings.
Mumbai has been ranked 12th after being on the second spot last year, while it ranked 8th in terms of development prospects. Bengaluru and New Delhi stand at 15th and 20th position respectively in the investment destination ranking against 1 and 13 respectively in the last year. They ranked 16th and 18th positions respectively on the development destination ranking.
According to the report Mumbai has benefitted from the recent strength of India’s capital markets. Absorption has therefore been strong, driven by demand in co-working, manufacturing, and services companies. Retail is another sector that is drawing increasing foreign investment interest.
Although steadily declining, Mumbai’s office vacancy rate (at around 17 percent) continues to be very high, and with a pipeline of incoming supply totalling about 40 percent of existing stock, fundamentals would appear to be negative. In reality, however, Mumbai continues to lag behind in term of Grade-A stock, meaning that any new supply is quickly taken up and that rental growth for those properties remains strong, says the report.
The city is emerging as the business process outsourcing (BPO) in India. The early foreign investors in this sector bought income-producing assets in business parks along with local partners and benefitted greatly. Some of these assets have now been earmarked for sale, in particular via India’s newly emerging REIT sector, which is expected to launch its first IPO in the first quarter of 2018.
8 to 9 percent annually, together with healthy new tenant demand rental growth has been reported by operators of BPO facilities. However, with the emergence of automation and artificial intelligence technologies the BPO industry is tapering off.
As compared to other Indian cities, New Delhi remains unpopular with investors. According to the report this is mainly due to a downtrend in development of residential sector.
Even though this has created a chance to supply bridging finance, there are not many foreigners who have shown interest in it. The report suggests that north Indian developers tend to be overleveraged and often hold portfolios of high-end housing which is in oversupply. Thus many projects have faced delays and some developers have acquired a poor reputation.
Nonetheless there is a big potential the moment the markets turn. Report points, Delhi will be one of the first cities to start seeing a pickup.
According to JLL Delhi missed its opportunity to grab a share of the surging growth seen in business parks located in the south. Even though there was recent demand from IT companies, uptake overall has been slow, leaving office vacancies at an elevated 30 percent. Thus it lacks when it comes to absorption however rentals have still been holding firm unlike the lower vacancies and higher rentals in Mumbai.
India is the only country to provide long-term sustainable 3 to 5 percent rental growth profile over a long period. Investors identified India among others as a destination where data centres are projected to provide 13 to 15 percent IRR.
Investors are interested about affordable housing as an asset class even though supply of affordable homes increased in last 3 quarters. The report says the important reason being availability of land at affordable price and not so far away from the cities, no single window approvals, and time overruns etc.
India continues to attract strong flows of institutional and sovereign wealth type capital suggests the report. It adds, investment in India offer massive scale opportunity and continues to be strategic in nature. Also, most international investors in India prefer commercial property, with cap rates currently averaging in the range of 8.5 percent to 8.75 percent.
Mostly due to tax reforms, India logistics sector has recently been the target of an investment boom. The average appreciation in rentals has been anything between 8 to 10 percent per annum, higher as compared to office space, growing 5 to 7 percent.
The residential properties, due to demonetisation campaign, GST and increased regulation of real estate development practices, continue to suffer. High-end residential oversupply is another ongoing problem. India remains the real bright spot for new REIT markets.
Almost 52 Percent Of Residential Units Registered Under MahaRERA Remain Unsold: Report
According to a report, 350,000 units remain unsold out of the total number of units that were registered under MahaRERA leading to an inventory overhang of 52 percent as of August end.
The joint report from Cushman & Wakefield and Propstack said with over 50 percent of the current residential inventory remaining unsold and slow momentum of the new launches, the prices have been largely stable.
An estimated 670,339 units across 5,620 projects have been registered under MahaRERA including residential and residential cum commercial under-construction projects. These projects cover 506 million sq ft of development.
Looking at MMR in areas beyond Thane, maximum numbers of projects were launched and registrations done under MahaRERA at 1,835 projects constituting 33 percent of total projects registered.
Gautam Saraf, MD, Mumbai, Cushman & Wakefield said, “Availability of land at the lower prices is a crucial parameter that allows developers to keep the per unit prices under check. Maximum end-users are value sensitive and would like to get maximum benefits out of their purchases. Locations beyond Thane allow developers to create homes that deliver value beyond just habitat. These areas are well connected through public transport including suburban rail and roads, and give developers the confidence to launch large-scale projects in these areas”.
The stretch from Bandra to Borivali on the Western Suburb saw 1,400 projects making up 25 percent of the total registrations. The rest of the table was completed by Eastern Suburbs (18%), Navi Mumbai (12%) Thane (7%), and South Mumbai (5%).
1 and 2BHK configuration units estimated at 319,000 had the highest share of sales constituting together of 87percent. 3BHK configurations sales made up 11percent, while even higher configurations were a mere 1percent of the total inventory sold.
Due to the high real estate prices in MMR region, the end-users’ affinity has been towards smaller configurations. The report added, even while the capital values of affordable houses across most micro markets have not seen any drastic changes when compared to other cities like Bengaluru, Delhi NCR and Pune, these are higher by at least 10–15percent for comparable projects and locations.
Sandeep Reddy, Director, PropStack, India stated, “As more and more projects register for MahaRERA, the market, including end-users, will have better access to information on developers and projects. For end-users, having all information upfront will help them to assess the final product upon receipt….The data will help us create better, sharper analysis of demand as well as design future supply to help avoid demand-supply mismatches”.
While registering under MahaRERA, most builders have revised their delivery timelines. As per the report while 42percent of the projects are expected to be delivered on time, over 43percent of the projects showing delays of up to 3 years and the rest beyond 3 years.
Approximately 57 percent of the under-construction projects are delayed. 1454 projects will see completion in the year 2018, the largest volume of completion.
Also Read: RERA To Ensure Completion Of Realty Projects
CREDAI New India Summit
CREDAI is the apex body that represents over 12,000 private Real Estate developers spread across 23 state-level chapters and 177 cities in India. Established in 1999, CREDAI has worked hard to make the industry more organized and progressive by networking closely with Government representatives, policymakers, investors, finance companies, consumers and real estate professionals.
The New India Summit is another such effort from CREDAI to direct focus on Tier II, III and IV cities and develop them to be the forerunners of success. CREDAI New India Summit is all set to unleash the potential of an emerging India. This one small step has the power to give way to a new India.
For the longest time, our leaders and foresighted influencers have put all their time and energy in developing the Tier I cities namely Bengaluru, Mumbai, Delhi, Pune, Ahmedabad, Hyderabad, Chennai and Kolkata. No doubt, these cities have really changed the way people look at India today. These cities are the epitome of advanced technology and modern culture. But they also face challenges due to the grave pressure of urbanization. Decreasing quality of life, increasing the cost of living, overpopulation and unemployment, increase in transit time and traffic congestion, expensive housing, hospitality, education and healthcare facilities are some of the issues that all the Tier I cities face today.
According to a report, smaller cities are developing 79% faster as compared to metros with just 21%. Our of the 12,000 CREDAI members, 76.77% of them are from Tier II, III and IV cities. Looking at the scenario, it is only innate to divert the energies in developing the areas which still have potential. Thus, offering a good quality life to people in those cities itself and taking the pressure off of the Tier I cities.
The Forbes Magazine has said small cities are India’s emerging business locations. The government has also been putting dedicated efforts into schemes that directly benefit the growth of Tier II, III and IV cities. Sustainable economic development, improving infrastructure and transportation, increasing employment opportunities, and introducing technologies for rapid urbanization are some of the prime agendas that the government has been taking actions on.
The CREDAI New India Summit will take place on the 9th and 10th November 2017 in Nagpur, Maharashtra.
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