A key theme for the market over the last few years has been the rise of the Chinese buyer, whose overseas investment appetite has grown exponentially.
BANGALORE: The Central London property market has witnessed significant capital inflows since the referendum, despite an initial pause for breath. For London real estate, the shift towards a wider world of occupiers and investment capital is at an advanced stage. Last year, 73%1 of transactions involved an overseas buyer compared to 65% in Singapore, 40% in New York and 33% in Paris, According to Knight Frank’s The London Report – 2017.
A key theme for the market over the last few years has been the rise of the Chinese buyer, whose overseas investment appetite has grown exponentially. While capital controls have been put in place in China to control outflows, Knight Frank expects Chinese investment into London to continue in 2017, although it may slow as overseas reserves are depleted and mechanisms of getting capital out of the country are restricted.
Nicholas Holt, Head of Research, Asia-Pacific, Knight Frank Asia-Pacific, says, “Appetite for London commercial property from China and Hong Kong-based investors remains strong. Indeed, the currency advantage that resulted from the outcome of the referendum has made the UK in general even more attractive to these buyers. Looking forward, given the continued drive for diversification, we expect the UK’s capital, which boasts strong liquidity and a robust economy, to remain high on Chinese and Hong Kong investors’ wish lists.”
London’s success as a business location saw £9.3 billion of overseas money invested in Central London offices in 2016, out of which 80% were from outside of Europe. China and Hong Kong were the largest sources of foreign investment, accounting for £2.9 billion or 31.2% of total overseas investment, while investment arising out of Asia-Pacific made up £1.0 billion or 10.8% of total overseas investment.
Office take-up in Central London for the final quarter of 2016 totalled 3.6 million sq ft, the highest since Q3 2015, 14% above the long-term average and driven by strong activity across the whole market. Seven of the ten largest occupier deals in 2016 were to overseas corporations, particularly from North America, which is the same as in 2015.
John Snow, Head of Commercial, Knight Frank, comments, “In 2017, Central London will see international money diversify further, thanks to the fall in the pound’s value, widening the range of buyers in the market, and further reducing the importance of the EU as a source of funds. This pattern will play out in other parts of the London economy, given that tech has always been US-biased and finance historically traded across the time zones.
“A new growth pattern for the London economy has already emerged, and will now gain momentum, which harks back to its day as the hub of the Commonwealth trade system. The new model is closely entwined with North America and Asia-Pacific, built around common ground on language, law and business practice. Within this new system, London has a Switzerland-like role, as a safe haven to park money as an insurance policy against the unforeseen.”
Stephen Clifton, Head of Central London Offices, Knight Frank, comments, “A wall of overseas money is migrating towards London in 2017. The main problem facing investors will be sourcing stock. Overall, we enter 2017 with less certainty than many of us would like, or are used to. However, the fundamentals of the London office market are strong. In the leasing market, the tech firms have shrugged off Brexit and are taking space. In the investment market, overseas investors are showing a strong appetite for London offices. We view 2017 as a year that will surprise on the upside.”
Under Construction Flat Booking Finds Tax Deduction Under Time Constraints
If a buyer makes a transaction to book an under-construction flat and if he acquires it within the three-year period of the sale of his old house, then he is entitled to a tax deduction, says a ruling from the Mumbai bench of the Income-tax Appellate Tribunal (ITAT). If an apartment is booked in an under construction project than it must be viewed as a method of constructing residential tenements, says the December 18 judgment.
That means if the buyer uses the entire gain from the transaction to buy another house within two years or construct another house within three years. The two- and three-year period applies even if the buyer bought another house a year before selling the first one. But the property should have been bought in the name of the seller.
It is mandatory that within a period of two years after or one year before the date of transfer of old house, the taxpayer should construct a residential house or acquire another residential house within a period of three years from the date of transfer of the old house. The date of receipt of compensation will determine the period of acquisition or construction in a case of compulsory acquisition.
This exemption is effective and can only be claimed in respect of one residential house property purchased/constructed in India. In the case of multiple house purchases or constructions, the exemption under section 54 will be available in respect of one house only. Any purchases made outside the country does not fall under any kind of exemption. Section 54 gives relaxation in such cases by providing relief to the taxpayer who sells his residential house and acquires another residential house from the gained capital.
After the sale of an asset, the difference between the buying price and the selling price is a capital gain or a capital loss. These are further classified as long-term or short-term. If a property is held for 24 months or less, with effective from 2017-18, then that asset is treated as Short Term Capital Asset. Then an investor can make
treated as Long Term Capital Asset. Then only a Long Term Capital Gain (LTCG) or Long Term Capital Loss (LTCL) can be made on that investment.
ITAT agreed that booking of a new flat in an under-construction apartment should be considered as a case of “construction” and not “purchase”, hence following the earlier decisions of the Bombay high court and the tribunal itself. Further ITAT allowed the fact that the construction can began prior to the date of sale of the old asset. Same was stated in the earlier judicial decisions of the Karnataka high court and Ahmedabad ITAT, that the date of commencement is not relevant but it is the completion of construction that comes in relevance to section 54.
HDFC and Quikr Make A Deal
According to a deal between HDFC and Quikr, a stake of more than 3 percent will be given to the mortgage giant in return to its transfer of offline and online real estate brokerage business to the classified ads platform.
After acquiring Commonfloor in 2016 Quikr already has a major presence in online real estate broking.
“Most of the searches for real estate are moving online. Quikr has a much bigger presence online. Through this deal, we are partnering Quikr in the broking business,” said HDFC MD Renu Sud Karnad. According to her, this deal will strengthen Quirks position with offline support.
The deal suggests that HDFC will transfer to Quikr its entire shareholding in HDFC Realty, a real estate brokerage platform, and HDFC Developers, which runs the HDFC RED online platform.
Karnad added that the deal expects Quikr to generate home loan leads for HDFC. The transaction consists of a co-branded alliance between both parties and the HDFC brand will continue to be used online for a year.
The e-real estate classifieds platform HDFC RED has around 7,000 project listings and generates traffic of over 80,000 unique visitors per month. HDFC Realty has a 300-member, in-house sales team, and 7,000-strong nationwide broker network. Avendus Capital was the exclusive financial adviser to Quikr while Kotak Investment Banking acted as the exclusive financial adviser to HDFC on this.
30 million monthly users make Quikr India’s largest classifieds platform. It runs multiple vertical businesses across real estate, automobiles, jobs, services, and goods. The Quikr Home, its real estate vertical generates 3.5 million monthly unique visitors.
Both companies intend to work closely and conduct analytics and identify potential homebuyers, and therefore home loan customers, early in their home-buying journey. Quikr founder and CEO Pranay Chulet said, “We see great synergies between Quikr and HDFC as we start working together to bring a seamless online-to-offline platform to developers and consumers.”
Retaining The Sustainability: GRIHA Launches Star Rating For Urban Homes
Green Rating for Integrated Habitat Assessment (GRIHA), is the National Rating System of India, a Sanskrit word meaning – ‘Abode’. Human architecture has always consumed resources in the form of energy, water and material from the environment. From their construction to operation, these habitats absorb the resources throughout their life cycles, emitting wastes in the end. This emission could be direct in the form of municipal wastes or indirect emission into the atmosphere, such as from electricity generation. Hence GRIHA was formed to reduce an architecture’s resource consumption, waste production and overall environment impact up to certain national acceptable limits.
In attempt to quantify all these aspects, like energy consumption, waste generation etc. GRIHA tries to manage, control and bring down the respective to the best possible limit. Being a rating tool, it helps people to assess the performance of their respective projects against the national benchmarks.
Hence it becomes an evaluation of the environmental performance of an architecture on a holistic level. Covering its entire life cycle, this evaluation provides a specific standard for a ‘green building’. This rating system aims to strike a balance between established institutions and emerging concepts, on a national as well as the international level.
The process starts with an online submission of documents according to the criteria. Then a team of professionals and experts from GRIHA Secretariat takes a site visit for the evaluation of the building. There are four different sections categorized by 34 criteria in GRIHA rating system. Some of them are site selection and site planning, conservation and efficient utilization of resources, building operation and maintenance, and innovation.
Sanjay Seth, CEO, Green Rating for Integrated Habitat Assessment (GRIHA) Council says, “A rating between one and five stars is being provided, helping the costumers to know about the sustainability of the houses”.
According to the Union Minister, Hardeep Singh Puri, the climate resilient and sustainable buildings are the need of the hour. As the government is aiming to construct around 1.2 crore houses for the urban poor under the affordable housing scheme.
In one of his keynote addresses, Andreas Baum, Ambassador of Switzerland to India and Bhutan said that the Indo Swiss collaboration is operating with the Indian Bureau of Energy Efficiency in the development of guidelines for energy efficient housing.
“At present India is witnessing a rapid urbanisation, if each building becomes greener than the last one, then we have a huge opportunity and hope for our country. We need to look beyond the conventional methods of building, in order to provide our citizens with a good quality of life. Hence, GRIHA gains important in meeting our national goals with respect to a sustainable society”, says Dr Ajay Mathur, director general, TERI & president, GRIHA Council.
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