While the Indian diaspora remains the largest category of investors across the globe, and are thus, wooed by developers in countries like the UAE, UK, etc., restrictive policies have curbed NRI inflows into India. Experts reiterate the need for flexibility in policies governing investments and buying real estate in India
The Indian government unabashedly woos the Indian diaspora to invest in various sectors in India and is considering easing norms further. Yet, the government makes Non-Resident Indians (NRIs) jump through hoops when it comes to investment in real estate. Finally, there is some hope. RR Singh, director general, National Real Estate Development Council (NAREDCO), says the industry body has presented a set of recommendations to the government, requesting it to ease regulations in the real estate market. While, at present, NRIs can invest only in real estate, Naredco is pushing for them to be allowed into land developments and large-scale commercial properties as well.
Such a relaxation would help generate liquidity in the real estate market, which is witnessing a slump and delayed delivery on account of subdued consumer sentiment, high debt and slow growth. There is already a high level of inventory piled up, Singh points out.
Indians investing abroad
The figures from the Dubai Land Department (DLD) show that Indians top the list of non-GCC (Gulf Cooperation Council) investors in Dubai real estate. Outside the Arab world, Indian nationals contributed the lion’s share of investments – AED7 billion ($1.9 billion) from 3,656 transactions, according to the DLD. This makes them the biggest investors in Dubai real estate during the first half of 2016.
In the US realty market, Indians are the third-largest international investor community, at US$8 bn, after Canadians and Chinese, according to brokerage firm Sotheby’s International Realty. Other corridors such as the UK, Vietnam, Singapore and Australia, which have relaxed investments from foreigners, have also seen a rise in Indian investors buying properties.
What are some of the restrictions?
|S.No.||Restrictions applicable to foreign nationals|
|1||Section 6(5) of the Foreign Exchange Management Act, 1999 (FEMA) permits persons resident outside India to hold, own, transfer or invest in… any immovable property situated in India, if such… property was acquired, held or owned by such person when he was resident in India or inherited from a person who was resident in India.|
|2||A person who is resident outside India (or his successor) has been permitted to repatriate the proceeds of sale of immovable property in India only where the following conditions have been satisfied:
(a) The sale is of an immovable property which was either owned by him when he was a resident of India or he has inherited it from a resident of India; and
(b) Prior permission of Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has been obtained.
|3||The applicable regulations under FEMA restricts foreign nationals from acquiring any immovable property in India and specific permission is required from RBI for the same, except in the following cases:
(a) Where the foreign nationals have inherited property from a person who was resident in India.
(b) Where the foreign nationals have leased an immovable property for a period not exceeding five years; or
(c) When a foreign national (except a citizen of Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Afghanistan, China, Iran, Nepal, Bhutan, Macau or Hong Kong) becomes a resident in India as per Section 2(v) of FEMA. Such a foreign national is also required to satisfy the conditions regarding period of stay, and the type of visa granted should clearly indicate the intention to stay in India for an uncertain period to determine his residential status.
|4||Foreign nationals require specific approval of RBI for transferring any immovable property in India and are allowed to transfer only when the immovable property is either:
(a) Acquired by way of inheritance and with specific approval from RBI; or
(b) Was purchased with specific approval from RBI
|5||Citizens of Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Afghanistan, China, Iran, Nepal, Bhutan, Macau or Hong Kong (‘Restricted Countries’) are not allowed to acquire or transfer immovable property in India without prior permission of the RBI, except when they lease an immovable property for a period not exceeding five years.|
Indian developers have started realising the investment potential of NRIs and are actively showcasing their property portfolios at exhibitions abroad and simultaneously demanding a relaxation in policies. Experts believe that certain flexibility in relation to acquisition and transfer of immovable property by NRIs is required.
Provide renewable leases: It has been recommended that foreign investments through acquisition of immovable property should generally be allowed and should only be subject to land title agreement and renewable ownership leases.
Acquisition of land development/plotted development: A number of developers have come up with villa properties. “Regulations should provide approval for plotted developments and properties such as bungalows, semi-detached and terrace houses,” says a Delhi-based developer and member of the Confederation of Real Estate Developers’ Association of India (CREDAI), requesting anonymity.
Measure to check price speculation: He suggests that to check price speculation, there should be a check on stamp duty payment. The differential treatment to ‘citizens of restricted countries’ from the perspective of acquisition of immovable property should be relaxed to the maximum extent possible. If required, these can be periodically re-evaluated and amendments made.
The restrictions noted above have adversely impacted foreign investments in India while countries like the UAE, Singapore and Mauritius have increased their inflow of investment by liberalising the restrictions applicable to immovable properties. A relaxation in policies will not only stop speculation in the Indian property market but also infuse much-needed liquidity in the market.
Current market conditions for NRIs
NRIs prefer other countries over India to invest in real estate.
Developers ask Indian government to ease restrictions on NRI investment in India.
Industry body submits recommendations to central government.
Permission to allow NRI investment in land developments and commercial properties sought.
Top Investment Destinations In Asia-Pacific Include Mumbai, Bengaluru and Delhi
Since the Indian investment policy for the real estate sector has got a thumbs up from the foreign investors the country has regained favour as a preferred investment destination in the Asia Pacific region.
According to the Emerging Trends in Real Estate Asia Pacific 2018 report Mumbai, Bengaluru, and New Delhi ranked 12, 15 and 20 by survey respondents as top investment cities. The report was jointly published by PricewaterhouseCoopers (PwC) and the Urban Land Institute (ULI).
Globally Sydney, Melbourne, Singapore, Shanghai and Ho Chi Minh City were the top investment cities.
The report also said that due to the implementation of GST and last year’s demonetisation liquidity issued have been created for real estate and it has also impacted investment and development prospects of the cities, thereby pulling down their rankings.
Mumbai has been ranked 12th after being on the second spot last year, while it ranked 8th in terms of development prospects. Bengaluru and New Delhi stand at 15th and 20th position respectively in the investment destination ranking against 1 and 13 respectively in the last year. They ranked 16th and 18th positions respectively on the development destination ranking.
According to the report Mumbai has benefitted from the recent strength of India’s capital markets. Absorption has therefore been strong, driven by demand in co-working, manufacturing, and services companies. Retail is another sector that is drawing increasing foreign investment interest.
Although steadily declining, Mumbai’s office vacancy rate (at around 17 percent) continues to be very high, and with a pipeline of incoming supply totalling about 40 percent of existing stock, fundamentals would appear to be negative. In reality, however, Mumbai continues to lag behind in term of Grade-A stock, meaning that any new supply is quickly taken up and that rental growth for those properties remains strong, says the report.
The city is emerging as the business process outsourcing (BPO) in India. The early foreign investors in this sector bought income-producing assets in business parks along with local partners and benefitted greatly. Some of these assets have now been earmarked for sale, in particular via India’s newly emerging REIT sector, which is expected to launch its first IPO in the first quarter of 2018.
8 to 9 percent annually, together with healthy new tenant demand rental growth has been reported by operators of BPO facilities. However, with the emergence of automation and artificial intelligence technologies the BPO industry is tapering off.
As compared to other Indian cities, New Delhi remains unpopular with investors. According to the report this is mainly due to a downtrend in development of residential sector.
Even though this has created a chance to supply bridging finance, there are not many foreigners who have shown interest in it. The report suggests that north Indian developers tend to be overleveraged and often hold portfolios of high-end housing which is in oversupply. Thus many projects have faced delays and some developers have acquired a poor reputation.
Nonetheless there is a big potential the moment the markets turn. Report points, Delhi will be one of the first cities to start seeing a pickup.
According to JLL Delhi missed its opportunity to grab a share of the surging growth seen in business parks located in the south. Even though there was recent demand from IT companies, uptake overall has been slow, leaving office vacancies at an elevated 30 percent. Thus it lacks when it comes to absorption however rentals have still been holding firm unlike the lower vacancies and higher rentals in Mumbai.
India is the only country to provide long-term sustainable 3 to 5 percent rental growth profile over a long period. Investors identified India among others as a destination where data centres are projected to provide 13 to 15 percent IRR.
Investors are interested about affordable housing as an asset class even though supply of affordable homes increased in last 3 quarters. The report says the important reason being availability of land at affordable price and not so far away from the cities, no single window approvals, and time overruns etc.
India continues to attract strong flows of institutional and sovereign wealth type capital suggests the report. It adds, investment in India offer massive scale opportunity and continues to be strategic in nature. Also, most international investors in India prefer commercial property, with cap rates currently averaging in the range of 8.5 percent to 8.75 percent.
Mostly due to tax reforms, India logistics sector has recently been the target of an investment boom. The average appreciation in rentals has been anything between 8 to 10 percent per annum, higher as compared to office space, growing 5 to 7 percent.
The residential properties, due to demonetisation campaign, GST and increased regulation of real estate development practices, continue to suffer. High-end residential oversupply is another ongoing problem. India remains the real bright spot for new REIT markets.
Almost 52 Percent Of Residential Units Registered Under MahaRERA Remain Unsold: Report
According to a report, 350,000 units remain unsold out of the total number of units that were registered under MahaRERA leading to an inventory overhang of 52 percent as of August end.
The joint report from Cushman & Wakefield and Propstack said with over 50 percent of the current residential inventory remaining unsold and slow momentum of the new launches, the prices have been largely stable.
An estimated 670,339 units across 5,620 projects have been registered under MahaRERA including residential and residential cum commercial under-construction projects. These projects cover 506 million sq ft of development.
Looking at MMR in areas beyond Thane, maximum numbers of projects were launched and registrations done under MahaRERA at 1,835 projects constituting 33 percent of total projects registered.
Gautam Saraf, MD, Mumbai, Cushman & Wakefield said, “Availability of land at the lower prices is a crucial parameter that allows developers to keep the per unit prices under check. Maximum end-users are value sensitive and would like to get maximum benefits out of their purchases. Locations beyond Thane allow developers to create homes that deliver value beyond just habitat. These areas are well connected through public transport including suburban rail and roads, and give developers the confidence to launch large-scale projects in these areas”.
The stretch from Bandra to Borivali on the Western Suburb saw 1,400 projects making up 25 percent of the total registrations. The rest of the table was completed by Eastern Suburbs (18%), Navi Mumbai (12%) Thane (7%), and South Mumbai (5%).
1 and 2BHK configuration units estimated at 319,000 had the highest share of sales constituting together of 87percent. 3BHK configurations sales made up 11percent, while even higher configurations were a mere 1percent of the total inventory sold.
Due to the high real estate prices in MMR region, the end-users’ affinity has been towards smaller configurations. The report added, even while the capital values of affordable houses across most micro markets have not seen any drastic changes when compared to other cities like Bengaluru, Delhi NCR and Pune, these are higher by at least 10–15percent for comparable projects and locations.
Sandeep Reddy, Director, PropStack, India stated, “As more and more projects register for MahaRERA, the market, including end-users, will have better access to information on developers and projects. For end-users, having all information upfront will help them to assess the final product upon receipt….The data will help us create better, sharper analysis of demand as well as design future supply to help avoid demand-supply mismatches”.
While registering under MahaRERA, most builders have revised their delivery timelines. As per the report while 42percent of the projects are expected to be delivered on time, over 43percent of the projects showing delays of up to 3 years and the rest beyond 3 years.
Approximately 57 percent of the under-construction projects are delayed. 1454 projects will see completion in the year 2018, the largest volume of completion.
Also Read: RERA To Ensure Completion Of Realty Projects
CREDAI New India Summit
CREDAI is the apex body that represents over 12,000 private Real Estate developers spread across 23 state-level chapters and 177 cities in India. Established in 1999, CREDAI has worked hard to make the industry more organized and progressive by networking closely with Government representatives, policymakers, investors, finance companies, consumers and real estate professionals.
The New India Summit is another such effort from CREDAI to direct focus on Tier II, III and IV cities and develop them to be the forerunners of success. CREDAI New India Summit is all set to unleash the potential of an emerging India. This one small step has the power to give way to a new India.
For the longest time, our leaders and foresighted influencers have put all their time and energy in developing the Tier I cities namely Bengaluru, Mumbai, Delhi, Pune, Ahmedabad, Hyderabad, Chennai and Kolkata. No doubt, these cities have really changed the way people look at India today. These cities are the epitome of advanced technology and modern culture. But they also face challenges due to the grave pressure of urbanization. Decreasing quality of life, increasing the cost of living, overpopulation and unemployment, increase in transit time and traffic congestion, expensive housing, hospitality, education and healthcare facilities are some of the issues that all the Tier I cities face today.
According to a report, smaller cities are developing 79% faster as compared to metros with just 21%. Our of the 12,000 CREDAI members, 76.77% of them are from Tier II, III and IV cities. Looking at the scenario, it is only innate to divert the energies in developing the areas which still have potential. Thus, offering a good quality life to people in those cities itself and taking the pressure off of the Tier I cities.
The Forbes Magazine has said small cities are India’s emerging business locations. The government has also been putting dedicated efforts into schemes that directly benefit the growth of Tier II, III and IV cities. Sustainable economic development, improving infrastructure and transportation, increasing employment opportunities, and introducing technologies for rapid urbanization are some of the prime agendas that the government has been taking actions on.
The CREDAI New India Summit will take place on the 9th and 10th November 2017 in Nagpur, Maharashtra.
CREDAI CONCLAVE- 2018
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