In India, majority of the population is still living below the poverty line and there is a huge demand for affordable housing. The deficit in urban housing is a major concern specifically amongst the economically weaker sections of the society. The growing concentration of people in urban areas in India has led to shortage of land and housing and has also resulted in congested transit and scarcity of basic amenities such as water, power, open spaces in towns and cities. The rapid urbanization has resulted in increased population in slums and illegal properties which have further deteriorated housing conditions of the economically weaker sections of the society. Due to the rising land and real estate prices in urban areas, the economically weaker sections are forced to live under poor conditions. Developing affordable housing in India is a big challenge due to several regulations, economic reasons, lack of availability of urban land, a high cost of construction etc. Non-accessibility of home finance is also a major factor which impacts the ability of low-income groups to buy housing in the organized sector. There is a need to address these concerns through collective efforts by both government and private sectors to facilitate mass development in this sector.
Certain key points have been identified that can ensure easy availability affordable housing.
- Maintenance of Older Housing Communities
On average, houses depreciate 1-3% annually, which is good news for affordability in communities with an abundant supply of older but still functional houses. Such houses can be renovated into new ones at lower cost than new construction. Such housing can be easily utilized to provide affordable housing to the low-income groups.
- Government Sponsored and Subsidized Housing
The government can allow subsidies to private builders and developers to build affordable housing. The government can also launch various schemes and policies to attract private bodies to invest more in affordable housing. If increased subsidies are implemented with policies that increase housing supply, then it will benefit all lower-income households.
- Development of Rural-Urban Fringe
Public policies can be introduced to encourage development on inexpensive urban fringe land. Developers can produce a large number of relatively cheap housing in these areas using mass production building techniques. This will also bridge the gap between rural and urban areas.
- Affordable Housing Mandates like Inclusionary zoning
Inclusionary zoning (IZ) is an affordable housing tool that links the production of affordable housing to the production of market-rate housing. Inclusionary zoning policies require developers to sell or rent a portion (typically 10-20 percent) of the units they build at below-market prices. IZ policies encourage affordable housing for low- or moderate- income residents.
- Reduce Infill Development Costs
This development strategy typically involves policy reforms that allow smaller parcel size housing and subdivisions. Allow and support owners of existing urban properties to increase density, support condominium and cooperative ownership structures and streamline the building approval process. This particular development strategy refers to a variety of low-rise housing types that are particularly suitable for urban infill and affordable as well.
Thankfully, the central government has taken some major steps in the regard with Mission Housing For All 2022 and the recent implementation of RERA. The government has also granted infrastructure status to affordable housing in the latest budget. It’s time for private players to come forward and contribute towards building more affordable housing projects in India.
Under Construction Flat Booking Finds Tax Deduction Under Time Constraints
If a buyer makes a transaction to book an under-construction flat and if he acquires it within the three-year period of the sale of his old house, then he is entitled to a tax deduction, says a ruling from the Mumbai bench of the Income-tax Appellate Tribunal (ITAT). If an apartment is booked in an under construction project than it must be viewed as a method of constructing residential tenements, says the December 18 judgment.
That means if the buyer uses the entire gain from the transaction to buy another house within two years or construct another house within three years. The two- and three-year period applies even if the buyer bought another house a year before selling the first one. But the property should have been bought in the name of the seller.
It is mandatory that within a period of two years after or one year before the date of transfer of old house, the taxpayer should construct a residential house or acquire another residential house within a period of three years from the date of transfer of the old house. The date of receipt of compensation will determine the period of acquisition or construction in a case of compulsory acquisition.
This exemption is effective and can only be claimed in respect of one residential house property purchased/constructed in India. In the case of multiple house purchases or constructions, the exemption under section 54 will be available in respect of one house only. Any purchases made outside the country does not fall under any kind of exemption. Section 54 gives relaxation in such cases by providing relief to the taxpayer who sells his residential house and acquires another residential house from the gained capital.
After the sale of an asset, the difference between the buying price and the selling price is a capital gain or a capital loss. These are further classified as long-term or short-term. If a property is held for 24 months or less, with effective from 2017-18, then that asset is treated as Short Term Capital Asset. Then an investor can make
treated as Long Term Capital Asset. Then only a Long Term Capital Gain (LTCG) or Long Term Capital Loss (LTCL) can be made on that investment.
ITAT agreed that booking of a new flat in an under-construction apartment should be considered as a case of “construction” and not “purchase”, hence following the earlier decisions of the Bombay high court and the tribunal itself. Further ITAT allowed the fact that the construction can began prior to the date of sale of the old asset. Same was stated in the earlier judicial decisions of the Karnataka high court and Ahmedabad ITAT, that the date of commencement is not relevant but it is the completion of construction that comes in relevance to section 54.
HDFC and Quikr Make A Deal
According to a deal between HDFC and Quikr, a stake of more than 3 percent will be given to the mortgage giant in return to its transfer of offline and online real estate brokerage business to the classified ads platform.
After acquiring Commonfloor in 2016 Quikr already has a major presence in online real estate broking.
“Most of the searches for real estate are moving online. Quikr has a much bigger presence online. Through this deal, we are partnering Quikr in the broking business,” said HDFC MD Renu Sud Karnad. According to her, this deal will strengthen Quirks position with offline support.
The deal suggests that HDFC will transfer to Quikr its entire shareholding in HDFC Realty, a real estate brokerage platform, and HDFC Developers, which runs the HDFC RED online platform.
Karnad added that the deal expects Quikr to generate home loan leads for HDFC. The transaction consists of a co-branded alliance between both parties and the HDFC brand will continue to be used online for a year.
The e-real estate classifieds platform HDFC RED has around 7,000 project listings and generates traffic of over 80,000 unique visitors per month. HDFC Realty has a 300-member, in-house sales team, and 7,000-strong nationwide broker network. Avendus Capital was the exclusive financial adviser to Quikr while Kotak Investment Banking acted as the exclusive financial adviser to HDFC on this.
30 million monthly users make Quikr India’s largest classifieds platform. It runs multiple vertical businesses across real estate, automobiles, jobs, services, and goods. The Quikr Home, its real estate vertical generates 3.5 million monthly unique visitors.
Both companies intend to work closely and conduct analytics and identify potential homebuyers, and therefore home loan customers, early in their home-buying journey. Quikr founder and CEO Pranay Chulet said, “We see great synergies between Quikr and HDFC as we start working together to bring a seamless online-to-offline platform to developers and consumers.”
Retaining The Sustainability: GRIHA Launches Star Rating For Urban Homes
Green Rating for Integrated Habitat Assessment (GRIHA), is the National Rating System of India, a Sanskrit word meaning – ‘Abode’. Human architecture has always consumed resources in the form of energy, water and material from the environment. From their construction to operation, these habitats absorb the resources throughout their life cycles, emitting wastes in the end. This emission could be direct in the form of municipal wastes or indirect emission into the atmosphere, such as from electricity generation. Hence GRIHA was formed to reduce an architecture’s resource consumption, waste production and overall environment impact up to certain national acceptable limits.
In attempt to quantify all these aspects, like energy consumption, waste generation etc. GRIHA tries to manage, control and bring down the respective to the best possible limit. Being a rating tool, it helps people to assess the performance of their respective projects against the national benchmarks.
Hence it becomes an evaluation of the environmental performance of an architecture on a holistic level. Covering its entire life cycle, this evaluation provides a specific standard for a ‘green building’. This rating system aims to strike a balance between established institutions and emerging concepts, on a national as well as the international level.
The process starts with an online submission of documents according to the criteria. Then a team of professionals and experts from GRIHA Secretariat takes a site visit for the evaluation of the building. There are four different sections categorized by 34 criteria in GRIHA rating system. Some of them are site selection and site planning, conservation and efficient utilization of resources, building operation and maintenance, and innovation.
Sanjay Seth, CEO, Green Rating for Integrated Habitat Assessment (GRIHA) Council says, “A rating between one and five stars is being provided, helping the costumers to know about the sustainability of the houses”.
According to the Union Minister, Hardeep Singh Puri, the climate resilient and sustainable buildings are the need of the hour. As the government is aiming to construct around 1.2 crore houses for the urban poor under the affordable housing scheme.
In one of his keynote addresses, Andreas Baum, Ambassador of Switzerland to India and Bhutan said that the Indo Swiss collaboration is operating with the Indian Bureau of Energy Efficiency in the development of guidelines for energy efficient housing.
“At present India is witnessing a rapid urbanisation, if each building becomes greener than the last one, then we have a huge opportunity and hope for our country. We need to look beyond the conventional methods of building, in order to provide our citizens with a good quality of life. Hence, GRIHA gains important in meeting our national goals with respect to a sustainable society”, says Dr Ajay Mathur, director general, TERI & president, GRIHA Council.
Piramal Realty Sign A Deal With Omkar Realtors For A 12 Acre Project In Mahalaxmi, Mumbai
Realty Firms Stick To Luxury Projects Backed By NRI Demand
10 Best Real Estate Brands that took over Social Media by storm in 2017
Property Brokers Gets Alert As Maha-Rera Indicate Towards A Mandatory Registration
Soilbuild Group Holdings Ltd. Streamlines Operations with Yardi Voyager
Mumbai’s Development Plan 2034: Second Draft Sees A Steep Drop In Responses
Bitcoin Finds Its Market In The Commercial Real Estate
Reforming The Realty Market: RERA Redefines Carpet Area
Housing And Urban Affair Ministry Takes Over RERA Administration
Project Review: Shivalik Ventures Gulmohar Avenue-Bandra North
Realty Nxt Interviews Mayfair Housing, MD Mr. Nayan Shah And Aditya Shah at CREDAI MCHI
Top 10 Real Estate brands to garner the maximum website traffic in India
Innovative Revolution of Real Estate Industry with MIVAN
Real Estate Blogs? Tips to get started
11 Pointers To A Perfect Real Estate Website
Technology1 year ago
Using Big Data to Find Clients for Your Real Estate Business
Ahmedabad Real Estate News3 months ago
Tata Value Homes Launches “Offer Of The Century” With 99 Hours Flash Sale on Affordable Homes
Bangalore Real Estate News5 months ago
5 Real Estate Tech Startups in India You Can’t Ignore
Mumbai Real Estate News3 months ago
Tanvi Group Fail To Deliver Homes And Declare Bankruptcy
India Real Estate News5 months ago
Tenders For ₹15,000 Crore Mumbai Coastal Road Project In Final Stages, Construction To Commence By Early 2018
India Real Estate News1 year ago
Maharashtra’s Real Estate Regulatory Act draft rules favour developers, say activists
India Real Estate News2 months ago
How Is Technology Shaping The Future Of India’s Real Estate Consultancy?
GST Real Estate3 months ago
Maharashtra Not Happy About Bringing Real Estate Under GST