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Bharatmala Pariyojna Project: Centre Expects Project Completion By 2023



Any country’s development is directly or indirectly dependent on its transportation networks and how well they are maintained. The same may be said regarding India’s development as a large and populous country.

The emergence of new and developed roads is essential for linking the areas and maintaining a smooth flow of traffic. With the implementation of the Bharatmala project, the same is expected to be accomplished. A plethora of new roads will be built around the country as part of the plan.

The Indian Government has initiated the Bharatmala Pariyojna Project, a new highways framework initiative aimed at improving the efficiency of road traffic movement across the country by bridging crucial infrastructure gaps. The project, which spans 34800 kilometers of road, is expected to be implemented in stages.

Bharatmala Pariyojna Project: When Was It Officially Launched?

The national government started an ambitious highway expansion initiative – the Bharatmala project – in 2017 with the hope of optimizing connectivity, particularly along economic corridors, border regions, and far-flung districts.

Bharatmala Pariyojna Project aims to improve freight and passenger movement efficiency across the country by connecting critical infrastructure gaps with effective interventions such as the development of economic corridors, inter-corridors, and feeder routes, nationwide corridor efficiency improvement, border and international connectivity roads, and greenfield expressways.

Key Features of the Bharatmala Pariyojna Project

  • Improving Road Quality The initiative was conducted with the goal of bringing a fresh wave of development to the country in the shape of well-maintained and developed highways. The construction of roads in all sections of the country will be performed as part of this project.
  • Total Road Construction – According to the scheme’s design, the government and the ministry will work to construct 34,800 kilometres of new roads.
  • Integrated Scheme: Bharatmala is the name given to the road development project, which will also encompass a number of other connected projects. The scheme’s overall success will be assured once all of the schemes have been completed.
  • Total Duration of the Project – The central government intends to complete the initiative within five years. As a result, everything is in place for the first phase to be completed by the end of 2022.
  • Division in Phases – Due to the scheme’s sheer size and scope, it will be split up into seven distinct phases. The first phase of the project is currently being built.
  • Daily Construction – In order to complete the first phase on time, the relevant department has undertaken daily efforts to construct at least 18 kilometres of roadway. To beat the deadline, efforts are being undertaken to increase it to 30 kilometres every day.
  • Different forms of Road Construction – The official design of the project states that several types of roads will be constructed to improve connectivity.
  • Multiple Funding Sources – A single source of funding will not suffice to fund a monumental task. As a result, the government will have to rely on other sources of revenue to cover its expenses.

Latest Updates: Bharatmala Pariyojna Project

Union government includes Nashik Road stretch in Bharatmala project Phase-1

19 August 2021: The 5.9-kilometer Dwarka Circle to Datta Mandir Chowk portion of the Nashik Road has been included in Phase 1 of the Bharatmala Pariyojna Project, according to road transport and highways minister Nitin Gadkari. Mr Gadkari claimed the decision would bring enormous comfort to everyday travellers between Nashik city and the Nashik Road train station, which are separated by a 7-kilometer stretch of the Nashik-Pune national highway.

A flyover will be built from Dwarka Circle to Datta Mandir Chowk by the Ministry of Road Transport and Highways to relieve traffic congestion on Nashik Road. Heavy vehicles can drive across the city using the flyover that connects the two points.

Chambal Expressway will be included in phase 1 of the Bharatmala Pariyojana: Nitin Gadkari

Phase 1 of the Bharatmala Pariyojna Project, Road Transport and Highways, includes the 404-kilometer Chambal Expressway, which runs through remote parts of Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, and Uttar Pradesh. Gadkari had asserted that the Rs 8,250-crore Chambal Expressway project in Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, and Uttar Pradesh may be a game-changer for the poor and tribals.

The Chambal Expressway (404 km), the Greenfield link of NH-26 and NH-75 outside Jhansi (16.8 km), and the Dwarka Circle to Nashik Road part of NH-60 are among the Bharatmala Pariyojana Phase 1 projects.  The Chambal Expressway project would also connect the Delhi-Kolkata corridor, the North-South corridor, the East-West corridor, and the Delhi-Mumbai Expressway, all of which are part of the Golden Quadrilateral.

Central Government authorizes the inclusion of MP’s Atal Progress-Way project in Bharatmala Phase 1

The inclusion of Madhya Pradesh’s ambitious Atal Progress-Way project in Bharat Mala Phase-I was approved by the Ministry of National Highways and Road Transport. The Atal Progress-Way would prove to be a lifeline for the Gwalior-Chambal division’s development. This 404-kilometer road will be surrounded by an industrial corridor. It will play a vital role in the region’s economic development.

This proposed highway will span across 404 kilometers through Madhya Pradesh, passing through the Chambal districts of Bhind, Morena, and Sheopur, and connecting Jhansi (Uttar Pradesh) to Kota (Rajasthan).

The development of a major new road connecting Jhansi (Uttar Pradesh) and Kota (Rajasthan) will help three Madhya Pradesh districts. In addition, the distance between these two places will be reduced by 50 kilometres. The trip time will be cut in half, from 11 to 6 hours. Also, industrial regions to be developed alongside the expressway.

Improved Highway Budgetary Allocation To Speed Up Projects

In the Union Budget 2021, Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman announced numerous measures for the Infrastructure industry. Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman said the government has recommended a substantial increase in capital expenditure of Rs 5.54 lakh crore in 2022, up from Rs 4.39 lakh crore in 2021, as one of the actions taken to revitalize the infrastructure sector to pre-COVID levels.

Under the Bharatmala Pariyojna Project of Rs 5.35 lakh crore, almost 13,000 km of roads have been granted at a cost of Rs 3.3 lakh crores, of which 3,800 km have already been built. By March 2022, aim to construct another 8,500 kilometres and complete another 11,000 kilometres of the National Highway Corridor.

Future Challenges: Bharatmala Project

The Bharatmala Pariyojna Project project was announced in 2017 with a completion date of 2022. However, according to recent reports, the project is currently nowhere near completion due to rising land costs and an increase in the project’s planned budget.

The Central Government is now searching for additional investments from market funds as well as any other private investment. If the budget is not fulfilled, the government plans to auction completed roadway projects or look for foreign debt and bond markets.

By 2023, the Central Government expects to have completed delivering projects under Bharatmala, its major highways development programme.

Under the National Roads Development Programme, the first phase of the Bharatmala scheme, approved in 2017, entails the construction of 24,800 km of national highways and 10,000 km of balance road enhancements.

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